Ear Acupuncture

The ear acupuncture opens additional to the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) other possibilities of treatment. Most important is the imagination of three systems, which the human being is consisting of, namely body, energetic system and soul. Whereas the conventional medicine is concerned with the body, which is visible and measurable, the ear acupuncture and TCM is looking for the energetic system of the human being. The knowledge about this system is therefore a supplement to the conventional medicine and not, how often presumed an opposite. The soul, whose existence is undisputable for the most of the human beings, although it is not provable, is suitable for other therapeutic methods. In any case a disease is always concerning all three parts of the human being, even if with different focuses. At all complaints of the body, where one cannot find any cause in the structure of the body (e.g. myalgia, migraine, hypertension, ...) the cause can assumed in the energetic area and is therefore ideal treated with a method like ear acupuncture.

Historical review

In Chinese culture, the first written mention of ear acupuncture goes into the 1st Century BC. In the "Huangdi Neijing" are found hints to relations between the ear and various body regions. During the Tang dynasty, 618-907 AD, 20 anterior and posterior auricular points were known.

  • In Persia and Egypt, ear acupuncture was used 2,000 years ago to relieve pain and contraception.
  • In the 4th Century BC, Hippocrates recognized the opportunity to treat the ear. He tried to cure impotence by bloodletting at the ear.
  • For more information on the ear acupuncture in Europe are again only in the 17th Century resigned. In the famous painting "Garden of Earthly Delights" by Hieronymus Bosch can be identified correlations of the ear with the body in the symbolic representation of hell.
  • About ear cauterization to treat lumbago Zacatus Lusitanus reported 1637 and Valsalva about ear cauterization at toothache in 1717.
  • In the 19th Century, a report on sciatic treatment by cauterization by Dr. Luciana from Bastia (France) followed several publications on similar therapeutic results of other doctors. At the same time in Italy (Prof. Ignaz Colla, Parma) and America (Dr. Rülker Cincinnati) are shown similar developments. In contrast to the body acupuncture, ear acupuncture was not developed in China over the following centuries. Only through the publications of the French physician Paul Nogier in 1957 auricular acupuncture moved again in the interest of the doctors of Traditional Chinese Medicine. Nogiers findings were taken very soon to China and it developed into the Chinese school of ear acupuncture.

French School

Ear acupuncture is only since 1950 - first by Paul Nogier - researched systematically. He had noticed a scar on the ear at some of his Arab patients. There was made a treatment because of low back pain or sciatic pains by cauterization in the anthelix, which was followed within minutes to hours of pain relief. Nogier initially began himself this cauterization, then replaced this method by using needles. As a result he also achieved a positive effect, but without leaving permanent scars. It took three years to recognize the relationship between the spine and its inverse projection to the anthelix of the ear. In the aftermath Nogier discovered that all organs of the body are represented at the ear. Under the name "Auriculotherapy" he announced 1956 his findings on this method of treatment in a speech in Marseille.

This paper was published in 1957 in German. Nogier discovered accidentally in 1968 by feeling the pulse of one of his patients during examination of his ear, that the pulse was changeable in the investigation of locations that met the pathological parts of the body. A systematic study of this phenomenon showed that irritation of disturbed zones at the ear is characteristic changing the pulse wave. This reaction was interpreted by Nogier as a foreign reflection and called it "Réflexe auriculocardiaque" (RAC). This phenomenon solved the problem of the detection of the relevant ear points. So the crucial breakthrough for the development of an objective and reliable method to localize and thus treatment of "pathological" ear points was achieved.

Chinese school

Yeh Hsiao-Lin Nogiers findings published in Shanghai in 1958. The Chinese recognized the integration of ear acupuncture in traditional Chinese medicine. Since in China, ear acupuncture is increasingly being applied in addition to the body acupuncture. Previously, the few that have been known for thousands of years ear points of minor importance. They were also more likely to see in Zusammenhangmit body acupuncture. Now the ear acupuncture therapy, however, developed into an independent system.

After Nogier was released in 1969 and 1977, an overview map on ear points, the Chinese brought in line with this, also 1977, a map to the public ear. On this map, the lobule is divided into nine squares. This division was also used on the ear maps in this book to the Chinese influences to bear in ear acupuncture bill. In the European region was the review and development of the ear instead of sites faster than in China. Here we remained longer on the initial findings, which were modified quickly in Europe. In addition, in the Chinese school, the RAC has not been used for keying point localization. For these reasons, developed divergent information on sites similar points on the ear