Body Acupuncture

Acupuncture (Latin acus: needle and punctio: I puncture) has its roots in the Chinese experience from the 2nd Century BC. In the early records of acupuncture needles were mentioned made of stone. The acupuncture points can be treated instead of pricking with a needle with heat. This is called moxibustion. Sometimes acupuncture and moxibustion are applied in combination.

The body acupuncture points are located on energy pathways called meridians that cover the body like a river system. With these points on these energy lines the human energy system can be influenced. The properties of the acupuncture points are very different and need to be in the treatment of symptoms very individual targeted and used.

The meridians and energy channels can now be measured through skin resistance and since attempts in 2004 indirectly visualized. Dr. Popp, Dr. Klaus-Peter Schlebusch and Dr. Walburg Maric-Oehler et others have made experiments by heating Meridian endpoints. After heating, the heat distribution in the area of the meridians can be made visible with an infrared camera.

The oldest collection of Chinese medical writings found this in the "Huangdi Neijing" dating from between 200 years before and after Christ. In this edition160 classic points have been described. In the book The systematic acupuncture –moxi-classics (Zhenjiu jiayijing) of Huangfu Mi (215-282) are already described 349 acupuncture points and systematic evidence of their impact.

In the late 16th and early 17th Century are found in Europe references to acupuncture namely by Portuguese Jesuits in letters from Japan over the burning of moxa and needle therapy.

In modern times, however, China experienced a shift away from this traditional method of treatment because it was fascinated by the achievements of European medicine. In the end of the 19th Century rulers of the Manchu dynasty ban the acupuncture in the process of modernization. Even in the People's Republic of China, acupuncture was initially forbidden, to promote the desired reorientation of the health system towards a scientific foundation. Since China did not have enough trained physicians, the Communist Party allowed then to turn to the practice of TCM with acupuncture as an ingredient. Therefore about 500,000 TCM practitioners were integrated into the national health system.

Meanwhile, the traditional Chinese medicine in China is taught at universities. In Germany at the private University of Witten-Herdicke beginnings have been made to introduce a degree course TCM.

Prof. Dr. Carl-Herman Hempen 2011 has now been appointed by the first state university, the Technical University in Munich, to set up a Chair in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). The plan is a five-year part-time study. As a prerequisite is demandes the medical license.